Updating NAMOD: a Namibian tax-benefit microsimulation model

Publication type:

Research Paper

Series Number:



Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Helen Barnes, David McLennan and Michell Mpike

Publication date

15 Nov 2016


This paper provides an account of a Nambian tax-benefit microsimulation model—NAMOD—which has been developed for use by government. Following a section on the importance of social security in Namibia and recent related studies, the paper outlines the tax-benefit policies that are included within NAMOD and describes the data challenges and assumptions that had to be made in order to simulate these policies. Results for 2015 are compared with reported administrative data. In spite of current data challenges, NAMOD can be used to help inform social security policy design.


Public Policy, Welfare Benefits, Microsimulation and Taxation