Tax-benefit systems, income distribution and work incentives in the European Union

Publication type:

Journal Article


Holguer Xavier Jara Tamayo and Alberto Tumino

Publication date

1 Jun 2013


In this paper we study the impact of tax-benefit systems on income inequality and work incentives across the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU). Using EUROMOD, the EU-wide tax-benefit microsimulation model, we disentangle the role of taxes, benefits and social insurance contributions in influencing country specific Gini coefficients and Marginal Effective Tax Rates. The extent to which tax-benefit systems contribute to income redistribution and provide work incentives at the intensive margin is found to vary considerably across the 27 Member States of the EU. Our results further highlight the presence of a trade-off between income redistribution and work incentives across EU-27 countries.

Published in

International Journal of Microsimulation




Welfare Benefits, Income Dynamics, Microsimulation and Taxation